What is the Science Behind Pedometers?

p-247-7afd4d0b7c1b7cb6076f38ef87698841Did you understand that Leonardo Da Vinci developed the idea of a digital pedometer? Illustrations from the notorious musician revealed an equipment owned tool with a pendulum arm that relocated time with an individual’s steps. Fast forward a couple of century and also digital pedometers can be found in all sizes and shapes (albeit smaller sized compared to Da Vinci’s principle), mechanical, electronic or merely an application on your phone.

In its actual fundamental type a digital pedometer is a step counter, yet many tools will certainly likewise track range. A lot of digital pedometers, whether mechanical or electronic, enable a customer to establish a typical stride size. With each step taken, this range is after that included into the range currently covered. When the digital pedometer is arrangement, it’s finest to use the tool on or around your aware of obtain the most effective outcomes, as this will certainly be much easier for the tool to grab motion.

Mechanical digital pedometers

Early digital pedometers were totally mechanical, a lot of mechanical digital pedometers function by a little pendulum inside the digital pedometer turning to and fro with each step taken. As this pendulum swings backward and forward, a button after that goes up as well as down creating a dial to transform with each step taken. The dial presenting the numbers breakthroughs by 1 with each step taken.

Digital pedometers

digital-pedometersDigital digital pedometers operate in a comparable means, inside you’ll discover a steel pendulum that finishes a circuit when turned. When the circuit is finished, an existing after that moves with the circuit as well as includes a step to your existing matter, commonly shown on a LCD present. Some electronic pedometers could also reveal your heart price and also various other smart understandings! Discover more at¬†stepcounterpedometer.com.

Leonardo Da Vinci’s principle for counting steps could currently feed on your phone as an application. A lot of contemporary phones have an accelerometer inside them, which is mainly to inform the phone which method it’s being held, yet could additionally identify motion as well as consequently count your steps! Usually operating in similarly as physical digital pedometers, with the customer entering in their typical stride size and also which is after that included into the existing range with each step.¬†Unsurprisingly, phone digital pedometers could reveal a reduced of info concerning your walking. Runtastic Digital pedometer will certainly count your steps, reveal you your period, range covered, rate, calories shed, steps taken each min and also obviously– overall steps taken. You could also see the weather condition, dawn as well as sundown times and also the existing temperature level, so you could prepare your walk easily. Fairly vital details if you’re preparing a go through the countryside or raising a hill! All your background will certainly be kept also so you could return as well as see that you’re proceeding.

2002 Tennis Masters Shanghai


As one of the world’s best eight players, Costa qualified for the year-end 2002 Tennis Masters Cup held in Shanghai by virtue of his ranking and victory in Roland Garros. It was the second time in Albert’s career that he competed in the ATP’s year-end championship.

In 1998, he traveled to the ATP World Championships in Hannover, Germany, as an alternate. He played in two matches and lost both to Greg Rusedski and Alex Corretja, finishing with a world ranking of No. 14.

In Shanghai, Costa started off with a three-set loss to World No. 1 Lleyton Hewitt before an impressive victory over Marat Safin. Costa could have qualified for the semifinals with a victory over countryman Carlos Moya in his final round robin match, but Moya emerged victorious, 7-6(7), 3-6, 6-4.

After the match, Costa reflected on his the Tennis Masters Cup and his 2002 season.

“Well, I’m disappointed because I think I was playing some very good tennis and I deserve, as the other ones, to be in the semifinals. But tennis is like this and they qualified and I cannot do anything else. I was fighting all the three days, 100 per cent, and then I didn’t make it. So what should I do? I’m proud of myself and that’s it.”

“I had a great, a great season, I think. I won Roland Garros this year. For me, was one of the biggest tournament of the world and I feel very proud of myself. Now is the end of the year. A little strange was I got injured in Madrid, injured again here, but I think I was playing a good game here. I played very good tennis in Shanghai, so I’m very happy.”

Training With Albert


It is very important to organize your training day depending on the time of the year and the different periods of the tennis season. No two training days are alike. No matter how important training can be, sometimes it is also important to give your body a rest.

At 2002 Roland Garros, my body felt in perfect physical condition because many of my preparations during April and May had been focused on Roland Garros. It is important for all players to have a long-term plan in regards to their training. Below is a sample training day when I am at home in Barcelona.

You can also train like me by going to my favorite training drill.

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My Schedule

9:00 Wake-up
Eat a good breakfast to be energized for the day

10:00 Tennis
Most of my training is in Barcelona with my coach Jose Perlas and the other Spanish players, but many times you train on the road as well.
— If it is within 10 days of a tournament, much of the time spent on the court is playing points or sets.
— If I am more than 10 days away from my next match, I often focus on drilling and hitting a lot of balls with a lot of repetition. This includes groundstrokes, volleys, serves, footwork, working on all aspects of my game.

12:30 Begin physical training
— Right before and during the clay court season, my focus is on long lasting endurance. I do a lot of jogging, and longer runs.
— If it is the hard court season, hard sprints are emphasized and a lot of movement drills: side-to-side on the court, up and back. I put a premium on quickness.

12:30-14:30 Physical training
I do most of my physical training together with my friend Alex Corretja. We train under physical trainer Toni Estalella, who often accompanies us to tournaments as well. It is important to start the physical training portion of the day while one is still warm from the tennis work-out.

30 minutes – aerobic exercise
— Alex and I often begin with an obstacle course: running around cones or stepping in circles. Sometimes it is just a slow jog. This keeps the muscles warm and loose.

30 minutes – power and strength training
— This part of the work-out puts emphasis on increasing speed and muscle strength. Strong muscles help make you quicker on the court, while also preventing injury. This includes:
** Hurdles, two legs at a time for about 15 meters and then finishing with a sprint of about 10-15 meters. Repeat 8-10 times.
** On-court sprints with quick movements side-to-side or up-and-back. Repeat.

30 minutes – upper body strength
— Toni has us use small weights to increase stamina and strengthen the muscles in his torso. Put a 2kg weight in your hand and pretend you are hitting a forehand, backhand, volley, serve and overhead. Go through the motions many times.

30 minutes – stretching, warm-down, jogging
— If it is during the off-season a long run would be common. The closer to a tournament, the shorter the run. I like to keep my body fresh for tournaments.

14:30 Rest/Lunch

15:00 Return home/more tennis
— If it’s the off-season, I might play a set or two of tennis after a little bit of a rest.
— During the season, it’s time to go home, get rest, spend some time with my family and eat a good meal.

The Costa Family

costa_weddingAlbert met his wife Cristina Ventura during a Davis Cup match in September 1996. Spain was playing Denmark in world group qualifying in the coastal town of Tarragona, about one hour from Barcelona.

Cristina ran the public relations at the hotel where the Davis Cup teams were staying and the two met during one of the many media events that took place in the hotel over the weekend.

After Spain defeated Denmark, 4-1, with Albert winning the important first match, Albert and Cristina went out to dinner. He asked for her number and the continued to stay in touch when Albert went on the road for tournaments.

“It’s not so easy when you are away so much,” admits Albert. “But you have to try to be focused on the relationship and go for it, because otherwise it won’t work.”

Albert visited whenever he could and after spending more and more time together, Albert and Cristina were married on June 14, 2002, just one week after Albert won his first Grand Slam title at Roland Garros.

Together, Albert and Cristina started a family, when Cristina gave birth to twin daughter Claudia and Alma.

Albert and his wife, Cristina, knew from the beginning that they were going to have twins. So when Cristina gave birth, it was no surprise when two daughters joined the Costa family. Claudia and Alma were born nine minutes apart on April 21, 2001.

Like any father, Albert laughs when he talks about the ups-and-downs of being a parent, especially a parent of twins.

“Having twins can be very tough, because they are two and they are pretty active. They are not quiet kids, so it can be tough, for example, when they are both tired” admits Albert. “And the house can get like a big mess. But when things are going well, it’s also very funny to have two of them. It’s lots of fun.”

Albert says that having more children is not part of the immediate future, “maybe when I retire,” he says with a laugh. “It will be more fun.”

Still, when Albert is on the road he makes sure to stay in contact with the family. It’s not easy to be a tennis professional with a family. Albert calls home two, sometimes three times per day.

Cristina often puts Claudia and Alma on the phone. At just two years of age, they like to say hi to their father, but they are not quite old enough for a conversation.

And when Albert returns home from a tournament, he spends time with them like any other father. “We go to the park, or play together. I read books with them,” explains Albert. “Sometimes we go over to friend’s house to play. Usually, when I get home from a tournament, it takes them a day or two to realize that I am back for a while.”